Sussex chicken Complete information and Facts

sussex chicken
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Sussex chicken is the English class Dual purpose breed. The breed is originated in Sussex. Sussex is the historic county of southeast England. The breed is developed between the year of 1902 to 1903. The breed is very popular in Great Britain and Canada.

The Sussex chicken is quite good in weight and also used from many years in the development of the other local breeds. This breed is available in very large numbers.

Speckled Sussex
Speckled Sussex chicken

The breed comes in the heavy category which very soft feathers. Sussex chicken has the quality to become a fine family pet.  Sussex is the prolific egg layer and excellent meat production makes it Dual purpose breed.

Sussex chicken recognized variety

The 8 varieties of Sussex chicken is identified by PCBG (Poultry club of Great Britain ) or 3 Sussex chicken recognized variety by APA (American poultry association) both in bantam and normal sized. The variety varies from country to country. The main variety of Sussex is speckled which is very popular.

The main varieties available in large numbers are:

  • Speckled Sussex chicken
  • Light Sussex chicken
  • Red Sussex chicken
  • White Sussex chicken
  • Buff Sussex chicken
  • Brown Sussex chicken
  • Silver Sussex chicken
  • Coronation Sussex chicken

Facts and Productivity of Sussex chicken

Name Of Breed Sussex  
Other Name of Breed Speckled Sussex.  
sussex chicken Origin England  
Development year 1902-1903  
Disposition Calm, friendly and active  
Variety &
Sussex chicken colors

Speckled
Light
Red
Buff
Brown
Silver
White
Coronation.
 
Comb type Single comb  
Main color Speckeld  
Purpose Dual Purpose  
Cock weight 3.5 kg to 4 kg (8.5 lbs to 9 lbs).  
Cockrel weight 2.8 kg (6.1 lbs)  
Hen weight 2.8 kg to 3.1 kg (6.5 lbs to 7 lbs).  
Pullet weight 2.6 kg (5.8 lbs)  
Egg capacity per year 200 -220 eggs  
Age at first Egg (days) 140-150  
Egg weight 55 – 60 g  
Egg color Brown  
Egg size Large  
Skin color White  
Feather on Shank No  
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 98    

Characteristics of Sussex chicken

Sussex chicken is active, calm and friendly in behavior. It is good foragers or good mother and sister and always show broodiness. the look is attractive and prolific at free-range or in the backyard. a large number of flock increase the look of the farm.

The multicolor plumage of speckled variety looks very beautiful can be used for exhibition purpose.

The breed is dual purpose raised for both meat and egg. It lays large size brown color eggs, Capacity of laying an egg is quite good. the standard weight of normal size cock and Cockrel is excellent. It gives rapid returns to the flock owner

Appearance of Sussex chicken

Light Sussex
Light Sussex

All the varieties of Sussex are in single comb the comb is vertically upright in position, which is red in color with five to six number of the tip. the size of the comb varies with variety.

The bread is heavy or soft feather. Breast is full broad or deep.

Beak is strong, curved and yellow in color. Eye color is red.

The shanks have no feathers. The skin or shanks color is white. The tail is well spread with an inclination of 45º.

Ear lobes or wattles are bright red in color. Ear lobes are half of the wattles. Wattles are soft or loose and equal in size.

The color full plumage of speckled varieties gives them a very beautiful look. The light variety has black hackles sheds gives them perfect look and buff variety have also black hackles from the neck.

Meat production of Sussex chicken

The breed Sussex is active and good foragers. The ability of conversion feed into meat in short interval of time is quite good which results the Sussex is very good in weight.

3.5 kg to 4 kg (8.5 lbs to 9 lbs) is the average standard weight of cock.

 2.8 kg to 3.1 kg (6.5 lbs to 7 lbs) is the average standard weight of Hen.

Egg production

Sussex starts laying eggs at the age of 19th  to 20th  and continuously lays up to a 70th week. It performs quite good in free-range or in the backyard for layer purpose.

A single hen lays around 200 to 220 eggs in a year. 4 to 5 eggs in week Which brings in the category of good layer breed. it gives a large sized brown color egg which weighs 58 to 60 g.

The weight of the hen at the time of first Egg is 2 kg approx.

Breed Enhancement tips

The breed Sussex can be enhanced if they cross with Rohde island red or Brahma. Mating with Rohde island red can increase the egg production capacity or mating with Brahma can increase the weight of the next generation birds.

Management for better Growth and Health

  • House should be clean, disinfected and a dry whole day for better growth.
  • There should be enough open backyard area free range which gives freshness to the birds.
  • If raising more than twenty chickens than prior vaccination is very much needed to stay away from viral and bacterial disease. So follow the proper vaccination schedule.
  • Deworming and debeaking is necessary for poultry birds for their better health and increase immunity. Deworming at intervals of eight weeks give good results.
  • The feed of chicken is full of nutrition, carbohydrates, vitamins, and Minerals. Which increases the weight and egg production.

Why choose Sussex?

Is Sussex is good for your Farm ?

  • Sussex is the dual purpose breed. they have the ability to find their own food.
  • It fulfills the nutrition requirement of the family from their meat and eggs. It gives rapid returns
  • The behavior of Sussex is very calm, active and friendly. It can be handled easily by children.
  • Always go broody. excellent mother Can be used as a natural incubator.
  • Usually, they don’t fight if big flock.

Orpington chicken characteristics and information

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Orpington Chicken
Orpington Chicken

The Orpington is English class breed developed in England in 1880s after that it was imported in 1890 in America. Orpington is the name of the town in London. The foundation of Orpington chicken is developed by the pure bloodline of Minorca, Plymouth Rock, and Langshan breeds.

It was the most popular breed but due to the rapid growth of the broiler industry, the Popularity of Orpington chicken is slightly decreased.

Generally, It is the dual purpose breed but primarily used for the meat. It is also an excellent layer which lays around 200 eggs in a year.

This breed is heavy but has a loose feather. because of a loose feather, they can fly a little distance.

variety of Orpington Chicken

Orpington is a single comb type. There are four varieties of Orpington. All varieties are the same characteristics but different in color. The four varieties are as follows:

  • Buff
  • Black
  • White
  • Blue

Buff variety is the most popular varieties of Orpington.

Facts and Productivity of Orpington Chicken

Name of Breed Orpington  
Other Name of Breed No  
Origin England  
Development year 1880  
Disposition
Calm,
Docile,
Friendly and Active.
 
VarietyBuff
Black
White
Blue.
 
Comb type Single comb  
Main color Buff  
Purpose Dual Purpose  
Cock weight 4 kg to 4.5 kg ( 9 lbs to 10 lbs).  
Cockrel weight 3.8 kg (8.5 lbs)  
Hen weight 3.4 kg to 3.6 kg (7.5 lbs to 8 lbs).  
Pullet weight 3.1 kg (7 lbs)  
Egg capacity per year 190-200 eggs  
Age at first Egg (days) 140-150  
Egg weight 50-52 g  
Egg color Brown  
Egg size Large  
Skin color White  
Shank color White  
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 98

Characteristics of Orpington chicken

Orpington is a dual purpose breed which is excellent in meat production as well as excellent in Egg production. It is a heavy breed which looks good in all the varieties. All the varieties have white skin.

The breed performs better in a cold environment. Orpington is a good mother as well as a good sister which is docile, calm or active in behavior. And they always show broodiness and can be used as a natural incubator. The foraging ability of Orpington is not so good.

It lays large size brown colour eggs.

Appearance of Orpington

Buff orpington chicken
Buff Orpington Chicken

Orpington legs are short gives them a very good appearance. Skin is white in color of all the varieties.

All varieties have a single comb type. Shanks are short or white in color. Toes are medium in length or white in color.

Head of Orpington is broad. Wattles and ear lobes are in bright red color. Wattles are well rounded equal in size and ear lobes are half of the wattles.

The beak is short and well curved or yellow in color. Eyes color is orange or oval in shape.

Color of plumage depend on the type of varieties.

Breast is deep and broad. Tail is well spread or inclined.

Egg production

Orpington is good layer. It lays brown color eggs which is large in size.

It matures on time and Generally starts laying eggs at the age of 20th  to 21st week and continue lays up to 72nd to 73rd weeks. Orpington is an excellent egg layer which generally lays around 190 to 200 eggs per year per hen. It is quite good figure to make them a good layer.

It is the profitable breed for those who want to start layer farming.

The weight of first egg is noted 50 to 52 g.

Meat production of Orpington chicken

It is one of the popular breeds of white skin. It is heavy breed and largely used for meat production. The cock achieves very good weight at normal feeding. The breed is larger than Plymouth rock.

It is mainly used for meat purpose in America. The quality of the meat is well and very fine.

The average standard weight of cock ranges between  4 kg to 4.5 kg ( 9 lbs to 10 lbs).

The average standard weight of Hen ranges between  3.4 kg to 3.6 kg (7.5 lbs to 8 lbs).

 Special care and management

  • Follow the proper vaccination schedule for the better growth and survivability of hens and cock. So they can produce as much as eggs and meat.
  • Do proper house management for the comfort of birds like proper ventilation in the house for fresh air, provide enough waterer and feeders.
  • Keep all the medicine and dewormers. Deworming is basic needs for proper weight gain.
  • The feed should be packed with proper nutrition, carbohydrate, vitamins, and minerals. The quality feed gives quality results.

Why choose Orpington?

Is Orpington good for your farm?

  • it is docile, calm or friendly in behavior or very good in appearance
  • Orpington is a dual purpose breed used for both meat and eggs.
  • It is one of the profitable breed which gives rapid returns also full fill the nutrition requirement of the family.
  • Excellent mother often shows broodiness or can be used as a natural incubator.
  • Achieve very good Weight.

Brahma chicken Complete Information Guide

brahma chiken information
Brahma chicken
Brahma chicken

Brahma is the large-heavy breed. it is the Asiatic class breed. it is developed in the 1800s in Shanghai, China. Further, it was imported in the US and UK in the 1850s.  The name Brahma came from the river ‘Brahmaputra’ which flows from China to India. Firstly it is known from the name Brahmaputra later it knows as Brahma. Brahma chicken is the Meat purpose breed because it is very good at the weight and active in nature.

The breed Brahma is the crossbreed of Malay and Cochin. Both Malay and Cochin breed are from Asia. This breed used to develop the other breed of American and English class Breeds.

It is also used for ornamental purpose because its feather on shanks gives them a very beautiful look. The egg-laying capacity of the breed is medium.

It is a Pea Comb type breed. There are three varieties of Brahma which is:

  • Light
  • Dark
  • Buff.

Facts and Productivity of Brahma chicken

Brahma chicken Profile
Brahma chicken Profile
Name Of Breed Brahma  
Other Name of Breed
Brahmaputra,
Gray Chittagong,
Shanghai.
 
Origin Shanghai, China  
Development year 1800  
Disposition Calm and active  
  Variety
Light
Dark
Buff.
 
Comb type Pea comb  
Main color White with Black Hackle.  
Purpose Meat Purpose  
Cock weight 5 kg to 5.4 kg (11 lbs to 12 lbs).  
Cockrel weight 3.1 kg (7 lbs)  
Hen weight 4 kg to 4.3 kg (9 lbs to 9.5 lbs).  
Pullet weight 2.6 kg (5.8 lbs)  
Egg capacity per year 130-140 eggs  
Age at first Egg (days) 140-150  
Egg weight 55 – 58 g  
Egg color Brown  
Egg size Large  
Skin color Yellow  
Feather on Shank Yes  
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 99    

Characteristics of Brahma Chicken

All the varieties are beautiful in look wise also used for exhibition. The breed is calm and active with good foraging ability. Show broodiness and its excellent mother.

Brahma is the large heavy meat purpose breed with hard feathers. Well, height and width or Fair egg production make it perfect breed from all the sides.

The survivability of Brahma is quite good in each and every climate conditions. Because it is good in weight, it is sold according to per kg weight and it gives maximum returns to the flock owner.

It gives Large size and rich brown color eggs. It performs well in free-range or in the backyard.

Appearance of Brahma

The light Brahma is one of the most popular in all the varieties. the plumage of light Brahma is white except hackle and tail. Hackle and tail plumage is black in color. The light Brahma looks great and mostly used for exhibition.

The breed takes time to mature and it is one of the large in size in all the breeds.

All the breeds have Pea comb type. The shanks are well feathered up to toe.

Both hen and cock have large Ear lobes which are bright red in color. But the wattles of cock are medium in size while hens have small wattles. Colour of wattles are bright red in both cock and hen.

Breast is broad, rounded and deep.

Neck and back are well curved like an egg. Head is large or medium in length. Well, the curved yellowish beak of two inches in length.

Tail is black well spread medium in length makes an angle of 45º.

Meat production of Brahma chicken

It is mainly used for meat Purpose. the chicken breast is very good at weight as a comparison to other bread. Feed intake of Brahma is more than others that’s why it is good at weight gain.

Brahma chicken is very prolific in meat production. Its large size gives a Large amount of meat. It is one of the profitable breeds which perform very good in free range.   

The average standard weight of light Brahma cock ranges between 5 kg to 5.4 kg (11 lbs to 12 lbs).

The average standard weight of light Brahma Hen ranges between 4 kg to 4.3 kg (9 lbs to 9.5 lbs).

some cocks and hens at good quality feed and pure bloodline achieve more than the average standard weight.

Egg production

The egg production capacity of Brahma is also fair. Generally started laying eggs at the age of 20th week. It gives large size or rich brown color eggs. Normally it gives 130 to 140 eggs per year per hen. 3 – 4 eggs in a week.

The weight of hen at first egg is approximately noted 2 to 3 kg. Normally the weight of first is noted  55 – 58 g.

Common disease

Mostly Brahma chicken raised in free range. there is a problem of Endo-parasites in free range. for the Endo – parasites do de-worming in every eight weeks for the better results and growth.

The prior vaccine of New castle disease, Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is a must for this breed.

Special care for Brahma

  • House should be well ventilated for the fresh air circulation. Don’t keep them in a wooden box.
  • Spray the sanitizers in every 4 days to clean and disinfect the living place of birds.
  • Debeaking the birds for the restriction the wastage of feed.
  • This breed performs good at cold region but at the access to cold weather maintain the temperature provide them heat by electric bulb in the house.
  • Follow the proper vaccination schedule for better results.

Why choose Brahma?

Is Brahma good for your farm?

  • The breed performs better in free-range or in the backyard. They show good broodiness or excellent mother.
  • Behavior is docile, calm and active. Foraging ability is quite good.
  • Also used for ornamental purpose and the Brahma is very good in appearance. It gives an extraordinary look to your farm. The light Brahma looks very beautiful on the green grass.
  • Very good at meat production also a very good egg-laying capacity. It provides good profit to the flock owner as well as fulfill the nutrition requirement of the family.
  • Survivability is well in every type of environmental condition.

Leghorn chicken complete information and Characteristics

leghorn chicken for egg
leghorn chicken
White Leghorn

The breed leghorn chicken mainly originated in Italy. It comes in Mediterranean class. Leghorn is one of the best egg producing breeds. The breed exported from Italy to America in the mid of 1828. some varieties developed in America and Europe. It is a very active breed but rarely show broodiness.

Leghorn has used to enhance the egg productivity of other strains.

White Leghorn is the most popular variety of Leghorn. White is the first known variety. It is the Egg purpose breed or also known as prolific Egg layers.

It comes in both single and Rose Comb. There is eight variety of leghorn which is as follows:

  • Single comb White
  • Rose comb White
  • Single comb Brown
  • Rose comb Brown
  • Single comb Buff
  • Rose comb Buff
  • Single comb Silver
  • Single Comb Black

the single comb and rose comb varieties both are the same in shape and color the only difference is comb.

In my opinion single comb, black looks beautiful in all the varieties of leghorns.

Facts and Productivity of Leghorn Chicken

Name of Breed Leghorn
Other Name of Breed Livorno, livornese
Origin Tuscany, italy
Development year 1828
Disposition Very Active
Variety
Single comb White
Rose comb White
Single comb Brown
Rose comb Brown
Single comb Buff
Rose comb Buff
Single comb Silver
Single comb Black.
 
Comb type Single or Rose comb
Main color White
Purpose Egg-Purpose
Cock weight 2.5 kg to 2.7 kg (5.8 lbs to 6 lbs).
Cockrel weight 2.1 kg (4.8 lbs)
Hen weight 2 kg to 2.2 kg (4.4 lbs to 4.8 lbs).
Pullet weight 1.8 kg (3.9 lbs)
Egg capacity per year 290-300 eggs
Age at first Egg (days) 112-120
Egg weight 52-54 g
Egg color White
Egg size Large
Skin color Yellow
Shank color Yellow
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 99

Characteristics of Leghorn Chicken

Leghorns are active and very energetic and have the ability to fly on the tree. The best egg layer in Mediterranean class. It is the small size breed but gives large size eggs. Foraging ability in leghorn is quietly good in large areas.

White Leghorn is commercially used for eggs purpose on a large scale. The feed they eat is very low and mature early as compared to other breeds. It is considered as the most profitable breed which gives excellent returns. The only disadvantage of the breed is its small size.

It is further classified in soft feather- light categories.

Appearance of leghorn chicken

white Leghorn chicken lay uo to 300 eggs.
White Leghorn

Leghorns has eight varieties of single and rose comb. The single comb is vertical upright with five to six tip or red in color, and the rose comb is either tapered in shape or red in color.

The ear lobes are in oval shape or white in color. The wattles are long and equal and round from the bottom or red in color in both the single or red comb variety.

The hen appearance is beautiful compared to cock.

Shanks and toes are yellow with no feathers. The beak is small, curved or yellow in color. The tail is long, inclined and well spread.

The shape is medium, the breast is full or round in shape. Eyes are red in color. The neck is medium and arched.

The average standard weight of cock ranges between 2.5 kg to 2.7 kg (5.8 lbs to 6 lbs).

The average standard weight of Hen ranges between 2 kg to 2.2 kg (4.4 lbs to 4.8 lbs).

Egg Production of Leghorn chicken

Single comb leghorn is used commercially for Hybrid egg production on a large scale.

Generally, leghorn hen starts laying eggs in 16 weeks, they give large size eggs. it matures early or lay egg continuously up to 72 weeks. Normally they give 290 to 300 eggs in a year. Some hens give more than 300 egg in a year.

At the first egg, the weight of the hen noted approximately 1.7 kg ± 100 g. it lays full white color eggs. Weight of the first egg is at least 54 g.

The cost of raring leghorns is very low and they are the most profitable breed for eggs either it is on free range or on large scale battery cage commercial poultry farm.

Layer housing

Sufficient Space requirement is the key part of laying eggs. The age of hen in a layer house should be above 17 weeks. 2 sqft (square feet) per hen is the sufficient space for laying eggs in both large or small scale.

House should be clean and disinfected, proper light at night and well ventilated for the fresh air circulation.

For the large scale commercial leghorn farming, battery cage system is one of the best for egg purpose in my opinion. And for small scale leghorn farming, free range is quite good.

Special care and management

  • Birds are susceptible to viral and bacterial disease. So prior vaccination is better than cure.  follow the proper vaccination schedule.
  • Don’t overcrowd; manage leghorns according to space for better productivity.
  • Leghorn is a good egg laying breed, for the good egg production the hen requires healthy feed. Provide them quality feed. The feed should be packed with a proper amount of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
  • For the better results deworming the leghorn at the interval of every eight weeks. Debeaking at the time.                             

Why choose leghorn ?

Is leghorn good for your farm ?

  • Leghorns is a prolific egg layer. 300 eggs per year are very good to figure, it shows the productivity of leghorns.
  • It Matures early, small in size but gives large size eggs.
  • Leghorn is one of the most profitable breeds which eats less. The raising cost of the leghorn is half in comparison to raising other breeds.
  • Very active with good foraging ability.
  • The leghorn cock can be used for mating to enhance the egg-laying capacity of other breeds through cross-breeding.

Plymouth Rock chicken Complete information guide

chicken breed plymouth

Plymouth Rock is an American class breed. It is one of the Popular breeds of America. This breed is developed in 1869 in Worcester, city of Massachusetts. The breed is mainly used for meat but it is the dual purpose breed used for both meat and egg. it is the belief that Plymouth rock is the cross result of Dominique and Black Java.

Plymouth Rock has six variety which is Barred, silver penciled, white, Buff,  Columbian, and Partridge.

Plymouth rocks chicken grow rapidly and it has very much demand in the market. They produce a brown egg of large size. it lays around 200 to 220 eggs per hen per year. Plymouth rock performs better in both free range backyard or for commercial purpose.

Varieties

Plymouth rock is mainly known from the barred variety. In which Barred is firstly developed in 1869. The other variety of Plymouth rock generated from the barred variety. out of six variety, 75% is barred Plymouth rock and the remaining variety are only 25% it is the most commercially used breed for meat in America. It is the heavy breed compared to Rohde island red.

white plymouth rock
White Plymout Rock

Facts and Productivity of Plymouth Rock chicken

Plymouth chicken profile
Plymouth Rock chicken Profile
Name of Breed Plymouth Rock
Other Name of Breed Barred Rock, Rocks
Origin Worcester, America
Development year 1869
Disposition calm
Variety
Barred
white
buff
partridge
silver penciled
Columbian.
 
Comb type Single comb
Main color Barred
Purpose Dualpurpose
Cock weight 4 kg to 4.2 kg (8.8 lbs to 9.2 lbs).
Cockrel weight 3.5 kg (7.8 lbs)
Hen weight 3 kg to 3.4 kg (6.6 lbs to 7.4 lbs).
Pullet weight 2.6 kg (5.8 lbs)
Egg capacity per year 200-220 eggs
Age at first Egg (days) 140-150
Egg weight 45-50 g
Egg color Brown
Egg size Large
Skin color Yellow
Shank color Yellow
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 98

Characteristics of Plymouth rock chicken

Plymouth is normally docile and active in nature but the rooster is a bit aggressive and noisy some times.

These breeds give maximum profit the flock owner and there is a huge demand for its meat. This is the excellent broiler breed and gives maximum returns in 9 to 12 weeks, its fast-growing qualities make it a favorite breed of poultry farmers.

Perform better in poor housing condition or in limited ration.

White Plymouth rock is in pure white color plumage. White Plymouth rock is using mainly in commercial broiler industry because it’s mature early. Use  For the meat purpose.

Appearance of Plymouth rock chicken

Barred plymouth Rock
Barred Plymoth Rock

The barred color of breed gives an excellent look to the farm in free-range Farming.

Plymouth Rock is a single comb breed. Both cock and hen has a single comb on the head. The red color comb with vertical number of the tip, small in size, which is round in shape from the side view gives them a beautiful look.

All the varieties have single comb.

Its shape is medium in size and length with a broad back, deep and full breast. Feathers are soft and heavy.

Large bright eyes are orange in color. Ear lobes and wattles have soft or red in color. Wattles are long and equal and round from the bottom. Ear lobes are half of the wattles.

Tail spreads well and inclined or medium in length.

Thick and strong beaks which is curved or yellow in color

Shanks are medium in length, straight, and free from feathers. Toes are straight and free from feathers.straight and free from feathers.

As compared to barred Plymouth rock the other varieties of Plymouth rock white, buff, partridge, silver penciled and Columbian. the only difference is color. The size, weight, shape and other physical characteristics are the same. 

Meat production

The breed is mainly used for meat purpose. The feed conversion ratio of Plymouth rock from feed to meat is quite good that’s why its mainly used for meat purpose. The breed is very good in weight gain and provides delicious chicken for us. the egg-laying hens after 72nd week are used for meat.

The average standard weight of cock ranges between 4 kg to 4.2 kg (8.8 lbs to 9.2 lbs).

The average standard weight of Hen ranges between 3 kg to 3.4 kg (6.6 lbs to 7.4 lbs).

Eggs production

Plymouth rock is good layer as well as a good mother. They lay around 200 to 220 eggs in a year. It starts to lay eggs in 19th to 20th weeks and continue to lay up to 72 weeks. It lays 4 to 5 eggs in a week.

Space requirement

In brooder house upto 8 weeks 0.7 sqft is sufficient per chicks.

In grower house 9 to 16 weeks 1 sqft is sufficient per chicken.

In layer house above 17 weeks  2 sqft if sufficient per bird.  

Nursery  Management for Plymouth rock chicks

Brooders:

 the caring of chicks to maintain their body temperature from day 1 to 60th-day brooding house needed. Normally electric bulb is used in brooder house as a source of heat to minimize the mortality. Which is quietly required to maintain temperature. 

Feed:

for better health of the chicks provide them quality feed. The quality feed gives quality results. The feed should be packed with proper amount carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals.

Health care:

Prior vaccination is better than cure. Plymouth rock needs protection against New castle disease and Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) or other viral or bacterial disease. So flock owner should follow the proper Vaccination from day 1 for the better productivity and growth of the chickens.

Basic care and management

  • The shelter should be well ventilated, feeder and drinker always remain in the house. maintain the temperature in the shed according to age.
  • House should be clean disinfected, free from the rates, mice, flies and needs protection against the predators.
  • Protect against the weather. during winter season provide heat in the house. Or during accessive rain protect birds from the rain.
  • Overcrowding causes a lot of viral and bacterial disease, so don’t overcrowd the birds in the house.
  • Deworming and debeaking are essential for Plymouth rock chicken.

Why choose Plymouth rocks?

Is Plymouth rock is good for your Farm?

  • The feed intake of Plymouth rocks is comparatively less while it gives more amount of meat and egg for us.
  • Plymouth rock has fair foraging ability.
  • This breed give quick returns of investment and rapidly grow and achieve very good weight in a short time
  • Plymouth rock show broodiness and its excellent mother or docile in nature.
  • The barred color gives a beautiful look to the bird. These breeds give excellent look to the farm in the free range system.
  • Dual purpose breed, full fill the protein requirement of the family from eggs and meat.

Rhode island red chicken characteristics and information

rohde island red bree

Rhode island red the name comes from the state of US Rhode island and the main color of breed is red. Rhode island red is an American class dual purpose breed used for both egg and meat. firstly It is mainly raised for egg because it is very good at laying eggs, secondly, it used for meat because of it also good in weight gain.

 it is the state bird of Rhode island.

The Rhode island single comb accepted by APA (American poultry association) in 1904. Rose comb accepted by APA in 1905. This breed exists under large fowl categories.

It is mainly originated in Rhode island and Massachusetts. It is the crossbreed of Asiatic class Malay and Mediterranean class brown leghorn that’s why its come in both single and rose comb. generally, it comes in a dark red color and its feather is hard.

Rhode island red is medium-heavy fowl mainly reared for egg production it lays 250 to 270 eggs per year by a single hen. Which is quite good. it performs very well in backyard poultry farming.

As per the American Poultry Association, Rhode island rate breed gives maximum profit to the flock owner. the feed intake of this breed is comparatively less while it gives more amount of egg and meat for us.  

Facts and Productivity of Rhode island red chicken

Rhode island red
rhode island red breed
Name of Breed Rhode island red
Other Name RIR, Rhode island
Origin Massachusetts and Rhode island of America
Development year 1904
Variety
Single Comb
red comb
Red.

Main color

Red
Purpose Dualpurpose
Disposition Calm and friendly
Breed size Heavy
Cock weight 3.6 kg to 4 kg (7.9 lbs to 8 lbs).
Cockrel weight 3 kg (6.6 lbs)
Hen weight 2.8 kg to 3 kg (6.1 lbs to 6.2 lbs).
Pullet weight 2.2 kg (5 lbs)
Egg capacity per year 250-290 eggs
Age at first Egg (days) 140-150
Egg weight 45-50 g
Egg size Large
Egg color Brown
Skin color Yellow
Shank color Yellow
Survivability %  upto 6 weeks 99

Characteristics of Rhode Island Red

it is observed that the egg-laying capacity of this breed is higher in the coastal region. The Rhode Island red perform better if it is kept in natural condition and allowed them free range during the whole day. It gives maximum output in limited feed and small housing.

it also performs very well at intensive management system poultry farming or in battery cage system. Rhode red has become very popular in commercial layer poultry farming because of its high egg laying capacity attracts the investor in layer farming business. The food conversion ratio (FCR) of this breed is quite good.

This is the only breed which is used for both exhibition and egg production. It is the top class breed in dual purpose. It is docile and friendly in behavior.

Appearance of Rhode island red

Rhode red comes in two varieties, single comb or in rose comb with particularly dark red or brown color.

The body color is red.

The comb is medium in size or red in color. Beaks are little bit curvey and medium in size or reddish brown.

Eyes are oval in shape and orange or red in color.

In Rhode red, Shanks and toes are free from feather. Both shanks and toes are medium in length.

It has a slightly hard feather, which is either red or black in color. the tail increases the length of the bird. It is medium in length and In most cases, the tail is mainly black.

rose comb rhode island red
rhode island red chicken breed

Meat Production

Mostly Cock is used for meat production, Hens starts to lay eggs in its 20th week and lay continuously up to 72 weeks after that it is sold for meat. The Rhode island Red is also best in meat production it comes in the heavy breed. The breed has good food consumption ratio into the meat.

The average standard weight of cock ranges between 3.6 kg to 4 kg (7.9 lbs to 8.8 lbs).

The average standard weight of Hen ranges between 2.8 kg to 3 kg (6.1 lbs to 6.6 lbs).

Egg Production

The Rhode hen particularly starts laying eggs in the middle of 20 to 21 weeks. Normally, At the first egg, the weight of hen is noted above 2 kg. weight of the first egg is approximately 45 to 50 g.

They give 250 to 270 eggs in a year or 6 eggs in a single week. The quality feed gives quality egg and meat, for the better production of meat and egg the birds need comfort and quality feed with all nutrition minerals and vitamins.

Space requirement for RIR

     House     AgeBattery cage
system
Deep litter
system
Brooder House 0-8 weeks 0.7 sq ft
per bird
0.5 sq ft
per bird
Grower house 9-16 weeks 1 sq ft
per bird
0.6 sq ft
per bird
Layer house Above
17 weeks
2 sq ft
per bird
0.7 sq ft
per bird

Basic Care and Management of Rhode island red Chicken for Better Productivity

  • Chickens are susceptible to a number of diseases. So follow proper vaccination schedule, either if you are rearing in the free-range backyard or commercially.
  • Provide enough heat at the time of brooding or in cold weather.
  • it is important to give complete balanced feed for better productivity of egg. The feed should be packed with all the nutrition, mineral and vitamins.
  • Housing for Rhode island Red chicken should be well ventilated, requires light at night and protection from the predators.  
  • External or internal deworming is needed for better growth of the birds.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting the layer house needed at the time of laying eggs.
rhode island red cock
Rhode island red chicken breed info

Why choose Rhode island Red?

Is Rhode island red Good for your Farm?

  • Rhode island red is a dual purpose breed used for both meat and eggs.
  • They have the ability to find their own food in the backyard or free range.
  • The capacity of egg production is very good as a comparison to another breed.
  • Rhode island Red can survive in any climate conditions.
  • Excellent mother and sister.
  • Fulfill the nutrition requirement of the family.
  • Provide rapid returns.
  • Rhode island Red is docile in behavior, attractive look, easily attached with family and can be used for exhibition.

Rohde island Red By Wikipwedia