If you have your own land then Goat farming in Bihar can generate good money for you. Bihar is the agriculture dominant state of India and Goat farming is the part of agriculture.
Animal husbandry supports farmers during crop failure. If it can support in a bad time then this business has the potential to make money throughout the year. The goat milk, meat, and manure has huge demand in Bihar. It is a profitable business that growing rapidly in Bihar.
A six-month-old goat cost around 5 to 6 thousand rupees. If the goat is one year old and you sold it on Eid then it costs around 15000 rupees in Bihar. I am showing this a minimum cost. The price will be more if the goat is healthy and looks attractive.
Before starting this business you have some knowledge about that, better you will take training for commercial goat farming to avoid losses in the beginning.
The State Government of Bihar brings a lot of schemes related to goat farming, they have faith in this business. This business provides employment for small farmers and landless people. But nowadays many entrepreneurs attracting to this business and starting goat farming in Bihar on spending a good investment.
Goat Farming training in Bihar
Training plays an important role in every business. If you know nothing about this business then start researching about this business or commercial goat farming in Bihar.
The Goat farming training in Bihar is provided by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra of every District. You can also learn through the Bihar Krishi app which is available in the play store.
If you want to learn commercial goat farming, then better you take the training from reputed and experienced goat farm near your region.
There are various goat farm in India that provide goat farming training in which Indus goat farm and training center in Ujjain Madhya Pradesh is one of the best goat farms, in my opinion, they will teach you all about goat farming.
Many farmers took training from Indus goat farm and running successfully and maintained their goat farm with profitability.
Suitable Goat Breed for Goat farming in Bihar
There is no recognized Goat breed of Bihar but black Bengal goat is best-suited goat breed in Bihar. The Black Bengal is the breed known for producing multiple kids in single gestation. It gives birth to twins, triplets quadruplets normally.
The Black Bengal is the meat purpose goat breed and the taste of black Bengal goat meat is the best in the world. The only disadvantage of this breed is their milk production, it produces very less milk.
Barbari Goat is another goat breed suitable in Bihar. This is the meat purpose goat breed. Barbari goat breed has the potential to double your income in limited time. This breed matures early and produces twins and triplets most of the time. A lot of goat farmers in Bihar start their commercial goat farming business with this breed.
Advantages of Goat farming in Bihar
- The available goat population in Bihar is quite less, these state imports goats for slaughter from nearby states. The competition is less if you start Goat farming in Bihar then chances to get quick success is more compared to other states.
- The goat is the animal that can live in arid or semi-arid regions, a low-cost goat farming is possible.
- The small gestation period of goats and they give twins and triplets in each gestation.
- Single labor can handle 100 goats.
- The size of a goat is small compared to cow and buffalo, it requires less housing.
- Less feed requirement and competition is less.
- No religious taboo on eating goat meat in India.
- The demand for goat meat is more than production.
- Supportive income with milk and manure.
Goat farming Loan in Bihar
The Bihar state government mainly focuses on employment and gives crores of rupees through loans to start this business or related to other agriculture business. Bihar is the agriculture dominant state of India.
The government gives loans under the Entrepreneurship development & employment generation (EDEG) scheme. They also provide subsidies in goat farming. This subsidy is provided by NABARD (National bank for agriculture & rural development). This subsidy is 25% for General and OBC and 33% for SC/ST and BPL cardholders. Every person in India can take advantage of this subsidy.
Important things keep in Mind Before starting Goat farming in Bihar
The Goat Housing, Goat Feed and Goat disease are the pillars of commercial goat farming in Bihar you have to mainly focus on that and be prepared before starting a goat farm. Do research as much as possible form the internet, Books other sources.
Housing is an important aspect of commercial goat farming in Bihar. If you are from a high rainfall area then you should go to an elevated shed otherwise there is not any problem in the ground floor shed.
Don’t overspend your money in the expensive shed in the beginning. Because goat farming requires 1 to 1.5 years to generate profit. Most of the people Leave this business midway. This is a simple and easy and profitable business.
Goat shed or house should be dry and hygiene all the time for the better comfortability of the goats.
The house should be well ventilated and the lime powder should be spread in every 15 days to disinfect the shed.
The Adult female goats required 10 sqft area in the shed 15 sqft open paddock area near the shed.
There should be enough feeder and waterer in the house of goats. Generally, 1 feeder is enough for 10 Goats.
60% of cost spend only on Goat feed, try to minimize this cost. If you have your own land then grow your own Green, Dry and concentrated feed. If you grow our own concentrated feed then this business is like the gold mine.
The Green Fodder crops are Lucerne, moringa, cow pie, Napier, Berseem, Gwar, etc.
The concentrated feed crops are Makka, Jwar, wheat, oats. This all Fodder are best Suited for goat farming in Bihar and also climate-friendly for the Bihar state
Give 250 g of concentrate feed per day to the adult goats. A better feed to the goats will give you better results. The goat feed should be concentrated in the morning, Dry fodder in the midday, and green fodder in the evening.
Concentrated feed formula (100 kg)
|Ingredients||Weight in Kg|
|Soy or Groundnut Cake||30|
The mineral mixture is quite important for commercial or stall feeding goat farming. It completes the mineral requirement of the goat and helps to enhance the productivity of goats.
Management of Goat disease is another important part of goat farming, you have to know the basic medicines for the goats. To decrease the mortality and increase the profitability of your goat farm.
You have to take commercial goat farming training to get the knowledge about goat disease their symptoms and treatment. The Indus goat farm & training Center provides you all about goat disease and its treatment.
There are some major goat diseases like PPR, Enterotoxaemia, Goat Pox, Haemorrhagic septicemia, and Foot & Mouth Disease.
Care and management of Goats
First of all, I will tell you to care and effective management is quite an important part of goat farming in Bihar. You have to spend time with goats you can’t leave your goat alone. You have to love your goat and provide proper treatment on time to generate profitability.
- Separate the pen according to age and don’t overcrowd in each pen.
- Feed colostrum to the kid under half an hour after birth.
- Cut the naval 3 to 4 inches far and Apply Tincture iodine to avoid bacterial infection.
- Feed milk to kids according to their weight.
- Do Extra care and management for pregnant goat
- Provide extra feed to a pregnant goat at the last month of pregnancy
- Select the best breeding buck for the better upcoming flock
- Spread the limestone powder every week in the pen.
- Provide disinfected water to goats.
- Deworm your goat pre or post-monsoon.
Goat farming can be done in Bihar since ancient times, but now it is shifted to stall feeding Goat farming for commercial purposes. Farming required little investment to start and any person can start with a low cost or (10+1) unit depending on your investment how much money do you have otherwise you can take out a loan. Goat farming in Bihar has a very good scope and it can become a money-making machine if done in the right way. Goat is a friendly animal. They take limited space & limited feed to live compared to other livestock. It also gives you maximum returns in a limited interval of time.