Dairy Farm Project report


The Dairy farm project report is one of the precious Part at the beginning of Dairy farming. it helps to understand the potential of the Dairy farming business.

This Project report of a dairy farm is important for the bank loan. This Dairy farm project report is described in the good research and it is easy to understand which helps directly to beginner’s dairy farmers or Entrepreneurs.

Dairy farm project report
Project report of Dairy farm

This is the Project report of 10 Buffaloes or it defines how much you can earn through the dairy farm.

This dairy farm project report is easily understandable of how much profit you can make in a year in Dairy farming with cutting all the expenses.

Potential of Dairy Farm Business

First of all, this is a profitable business if doing it in the right way. It is profitable but Dairy farm required a lot of Passion, Hard work, good management of records and proper Knowledge.

Milk and milk products have huge demand all over the world specially the buffalo milk. Buffalo produces high-fat milk which is quite good in making any type of milk products. The marketing is not much required in the selling of milk

Buffalo Produce Manure which is equally important like milk, A good organic fertilizer make thorough it. If Manure is used to make Vermicompost fertilizer than it can give a good income to the Dairy farmer. Vermicompost fertilizer is known as Black Gold in India as well as in the whole world. It makes a value for dairy farmers.

The Best part of this business, which I liked the most is that Earning starts from day one By selling milk. So before starting keep in mind that start with the buffalo who given birth to a calf recently or purchased a cow with their calf. Or the buffalo which are good in milk production.

Why Dairy farm project report important

Generally,Project report is required for any business, the project report helps to understand the Business plan and easy for making own mind mapping. This project report will also help you in getting loan from any natinalize or any other co-opertative bank.

this is the practical guide of dairy farm how you can make money a real estimation guide.

Dairy Farm Project cost

The cost of animal is included with transportation. Select the animal that is better in milk production or disease-free.  A good or healthy buffalo shines or the Eyes should be free from discharge.

Cost of High Breed  Buffalo 50000 50000×10 500000
Cost of Shed for 10 Buffalo. (5×8=40sqft) per cows 40×10=400 Sq.ft 400×200 (200rs per sq.ft) 80000
Shed for 10 calves (10 sq.ft per calves) 10×10 = 100 100×200 20000
Chaff cutter     35000
cost of equipments     8000
Fixed cost     643000

Feeding cost

lactation Period 
280 days
Per kg Feed Kg/ Animal Cost/day 10 cow feeding Cost
Concentrate Feed 20 4 80   80×280×10 224000  
Dry feeder 2 4 8 8×280×10 22400
Green fodder 1 30 30 30×280×10 84000
Dry Period 80 Days          
Concentrate feed 20 1.5 30 30×80×10 24000
Dry Feeder 2 2 4 4×80×10 3200
Green feeder 1 18 18 18×180×10 32400
Total Feeding cost         390000

Milk Production

  Liters/day  1 lactation Total (Liters)
Milk production of 1 Buffalo 8 8×270 2160
Milk production of 10 Buffalo 8 8×270×10 21600

Other Expenses

Insurance 1500/Buffalo 1500×10 15000
Medical expenses Yearly   10000
Labour Yearly   72000
Electricity Yearly   6000
Total     103000


Sale of Milk of 10 Buffalos, 40 rs Per liter 21600×40 864000
Sale of Manure (Vermicompost)   50000
Total   914000


Vermicompost fertilizer has huge demand in India it has Higher NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium) value. It can give good returns. It is the By-product of Dairy farming.

Economics of Dairy farming Project report

Fixed or Non Recurring cost = 643000

Total Recurring cost = Feeding cost + other Expenses

                           = 390000 + 103000

Total Recurring Cost = 493000 Rs

Total profit in a Year = Total income – Total Recurring cost

Total profit in a year = 914000-493000

Total Profit in a year = 421000 Rs   or 35083 in a month.


dairy farm Project report of 10 buffalo
Dairy farm project report and Profit guide of 10 buffalo

Dairy farm Bank Loan Subsidy By NABARD

Dairy farming is popular business in rural areas. The National Bank for Agriculture And Rural Development NABARD Provide a subsidy to start or set up Dairy Farming Business Which Helps directly to the Beginners Farmers. This Subsidy is different according to the caste categories.

The Loan subsidy is 33% for SC/ST or  25 % for the General or other Outlay Public.

The Farmers, Entrepreneurs, NGO’s or companies can thake the benefits of this Subsidy.


Dairy farming with buffalo gives a good income. It’s Better to start with less or 10 buffaloes which is easy to handle. 4 lakh in a year is good amount.  

Don’t overspend on the Dairy house or Shed in the beginning; some of the people spent a big amount on the shed which is not good for un-experienced Beginners.

General Information of Dairy Farming for the Beginners

The Making of your own Hay or silage directly increases the Milk Production of Buffaloes. Cow or Buffalo require enough Dry Matter intake in their Diet For Better Performance.

At the Beginning of the Dairy Don’t Keep the Bull Buffalo for the mating of next calving Arrange Nearby or Go for Artificial insemination. Keeping of Bull can directly affect Your Profit.

Keep The House Clean, Dry or Hygiene for the Better Performance of The Buffalos. This Keep the Animals Disease Free.

Spread Limestone Powder every week it keeps the farm disease-free or Stays away from flies and Ticks.

Before starting to do proper research about Dairy farming or visit Dairy farm near your region and gain some practical knowledge from an Experienced person.

Always stay in touch for the veterinary doctor or ask General medicine of Pneumonia or fever of animals.

Follow the vaccination schedule for your animal properly because prior vaccination is better than cure, A low-cost vaccinations can save your expensive animals.

Gir Cow Milk Benefits


The Gir cow milk benefits are considered Better compared to regular milk. first of all, the Gir cow milk is best for Children Brain Growth. This milk helps in the skill development of children. People who consume Gir cow milk they will stay away from the Disease like Type one Diabetes, coronary Heart Disease, indigestion, Autism in children, schizophrenia and other neurological disorders.

The cow is considered as ”Go Mata” and its milk is considered as ”Amrit” in Hindu Shastra. Our Desi cow or Gir cow is Best and consumption of their milk has more beneficial compared to Other Hybrid Exotic breeds.

Gir Cow milk benefits

The Person after having the Gir cow milk will feel free, calm in behavior or the ability to think will be better.

The Gir cow is the popular indigenous cow breed of India. That is mainly found in the Gir forest of Gujarat. The Gir cow produces Pure A2 Milk and the other Highly Productive Breeds like Mix Breeds  & Holstein Friesian Produce A1 milk.

 The Gir cow milk Is beneficial for Those who are lactose intolerant. It is easily digestible and it is packed with all the required nutrition for the Human body. The available  Fat percentage in the milk is 4 % which are assumed good fat quantity for the humans.

Other Benefits of Gir cow milk

Autism in children is the disease which has symptoms like Trouble communicating, delay in development, Weak in learning, not interacting with other, malnutrition, etc. The Gir cow milk benefits Help in the improvement of the children’s against Autism.

The Gir cow milk Protect or improve from such disorders. you can think what will be the improvement and growth of the Normal children’s after having this milk.

Benefits of Gir cow Ghee

Gir cow Ghee provides good fat that required for the Body. It also Provides, Energy, Growth, Power, Makes the voice melodious, Protects skin, slows down aging, etc. Ghee is considered an important part of the Indian diet and it is used in all the Indian recipes. It should be pure and Healthy. Gir cow Ghee is costly but it is a healthier choice than others.

Gir cow Ghee is Good against asthma. The Gir Cow Ghee Provide Energy to the Lungs and restrict Narrowing and helps in better Breathing

Best Gir Cow cultured ghee Which is very fine in test

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How Gir cow milk different from others.

The Gir cows Are the earlier breed Which Produces A2 Milk Protein in their milk Along with amino acid called Proline. While in the Other mix Hybrid Breeds This Proline Got converts into Histidine amino acid at the same position.

Beta casomorphin or BCM7 is the opioid Peptide, it is bad for Human Health and it is one of the cause of Indigestion or Type One diabetes, respiratory depression or other Disorder.

Proline prevents the release of BCM7 in the body because it is strongly bond with BCM7. while Histidine is a weak bond with BCM7. So it is easily released in the body on the consumption of A1 cow milk.

90% of Indians consuming A1 milk. This may be the one cause of the disease. So take the Gir Cow Milk benefits it Would be a better choice for those who are health conscious.

Gir cow milk benefits information

Nutrition in the Gir cow Milk

Gir cow milk is a Healthier choice than regular milk. It is pack with all the required nutrition in the required amount for the Body. It is the Good source of calcium and protein which are good for Bone growth or Strong teeth.

A Glass of Gir cow milk is pack with Nutrition. It has all the Proteins, Vitamins and Mineral those which are essential for Healthy life And Proper Body functioning.

Composition of 100 gm Gir cow milk

  • Fat – 4 %
  • Lactose- 4.7%
  • Protein – 3.2%
  • Energy (Kcal/100 ml) – 69
  • Calcium (mg/100 gm)-122
  • Phosphorus (mg/100 gm)-119
  • Vitamin A (IU)- 126
  • Vitamin D (IU)- 2.0
  • Magnesium (mg/100gm) -12
  • Potassium (mg/100gm)- 160
  • Zinc (mg/100gm)- 0.5

Important information about Gir Cow Milk Benefits and Gir cow

Gir Cow milk is a bit costlier than regular milk. The demand of this milk is increasing day by day in metros, two-tier or three Tier cities of India. The people are becoming aware of  Gir cow milk benefits day by day.

The hump of Gir cow makes them different from others. Normally The jersey Holestian Friesian and other Exotic cow Breeds are flat they don’t have Hump. People accepted Gir Holy Cow of India.

In the 1900’s India didn’t focus on Gir Cow Breed while the Semen of Gir cow is imported by Brazil and now they have more Gir cows than India. In South American countries the Gir cow Known As Bos indicus Breed. they Know the Gir cow Milk Benefits and used Gir cow To improve their Local Breed.  

How to Take Gir cow milk

The Right way to drink milk, that it should be warm and don’t take Salt or Sour fruit with it. this may Be Bad for the Health.

After the sports activity body requires protein and mineral for recovery so have A glass of Gir cow milk will be more beneficial.


the Gir cow breed is one the old cow breed of India and Having Gir cow milk is a good choice it provides immunity and increases your strength. it has a lot of other medicinal use, of course, it is costlier than regular milk but Nowadays you have to pay extra money for quality products.

Gir cow milk Per day

The Gir cow milk per day is at peak level after giving birth to the calve after that it slightly drop every week. The average milk of Gir cow is 10 liters per day after giving birth. In this article, we will give the description of Gir cow milk production and we will also cover how to increase milk production.

The Gir cow milk has huge demand in all over India.  it is one of the best cows of India in milk production. Which has considered the Holy cow and its milk is accepted as Amrit.  The Gir cow milk is used to Stay Healthy and Treat Lot of Disease. This milk best for the children’s Brain Growth.

Gir cow milk is 10 liters per day

This cow is Best Cow for Commercial Dairy farming. This cow can Give Good Profit to the Dairy farmer which other cow or buffalo can not Give. The Price of Gir cow milk is more than any other Popular Brand of Milk.

The Gir cow milk Per day basis also depends on the How much dry matter present in feed of Gir cows. The Dry matter in enough quantity according to the weight of cow will increase the milk Production of Gir cows.

Gir cow milk Production Per day

The Gir Cow Milk production per day after giving birth to the calve maybe around 10 to 15 liter, on feeding good feed at the time pregnancy. The Gir cow milk production per day may also be more dependent on their Parenting.

In the first 70 days after giving birth,  the milk production is at peak level after that it Little little drops every week. The milk lactation cycle of gir cow is 300 days. Or in other words, It Produces milk up to 300 days. And Dry period of Gir cow is of 2 months. This Yearly cycle continues Up to 9 to 10 times in their life.

The Gir cow milk starts giving milk after giving birth to first calving. The age of first calving is 3 years means that one cow is ready to produce milk in the age of 3 years.

Gir cow milk lactation cycle

How to increase Gir Cow Milk Production

For increasing the milk production of Gir cow, Provide them Good quality concentrate feed or Dry forage at the time of Pregnancy or Lactation. If the  Dry matter intake in the diet will low than milk production will always low.

Most of the people Provide Less concentrate or Dry forage and accept High Production of Milk. The cows Require energy to Produce Milk and this energy they get from the Feed. If you do not Provide the Enough Dry Matter in Feed where they can get energy to Produce milk.

Generally, the cow required to Green and Dry Forage or concentrate feed in their whole day diet.

Cow Age Green Fodder Dry Fodder Concentrate Fodder
Calves (3-6 months) 3-5 Kg 1 Kg 0.5-1 Kg
Young calves (6-12 months) 10 Kg 2 Kg 1-1.5 Kg
Young Heifers 15-20 Kg 2-3 Kg 2-3 Kg
Milch Cows 20-30 Kg 4 Kg 3-4 Kg
Pregnant cows 20-30 Kg 4-5 Kg 2-3 Kg
Breeding Bull 30-40 Kg 4-5 kg 4-5 Kg
Gir cow Milk per day cycle after Birth to calf

A goan Enginner Produce 17 Liters milk Per day from Gir cow

Gir cow Milk Price

The Price of A2 milk of gir cow is 70 to 80 Rs per liter in 3 tier or 2 tier cities of india. in metros city the price of Gir Cow milk is 100 to 120 Rs per liter and the demand of Gir cow milk per day is more than supply.

A lot of entrepreneurs entering this Gir cow milk Business and generating good revenue. This Type of Milk reaches the Dairy farming business to the next level.

The Normal Branded milk are selling in 55 Rs per liter while the Gir cow milk is selling in more than 70 Rs per liter on the same place. This shows the power of Gir cow milk.

Why Gir cow Milk is used for

Gir cow milk has a lot of Health Benefits. Gir cow milk is the pure A2 milk and it is used to treat various diseases like type One Diabetes, coronary heart disease, Schizophrenia, Autism in children’s or various other diseases. The thinking ability increase after having this milk, this milk easily digestible preferable for those who are lactose intolerant.


here we discussed the milk production, generally, Gir milk per day production also depends upon which type feed are you providing to the cow. Better the feed you give more the milk Production will be.

Gir Cow Information

Gir cow is one popular cow breed of India. The native place of Gir cow breed is Gir Forest of Kathiawad and Bhavnagar, Rajkot, Junagadh & Amreli district of Gujarat India. This breed is also known from various names in Gujarat and which are Bhodali, Surti, Kathiwari, Gujarati, Sorthi, And Desan.

The Average Gir cow milk Production is 10 liters Per day after giving birth to the calve. the Indian cow Gir Breed is also popular in the other countries like Brazil and North America, Australia and New Zealand. Gir cattle has been used in the development of Brahman cattle breed of North America.

Gir cow best suited for commercial purpose

This cow breed has been also used for the improvement of many indigenous Breeds of India.

Generally, This cow breed has become very popular in the last ten year because it Produces pure A2 milk. The A2 milk has huge demand in metros cities of India. The milk which has A2 Beta casein. And it is a healthier choice than regular milk. 

This Breed has the capability to adapt to any type of environment in India. The Gir cow always gives quick and maximum returns to the Dairy farmers of India. Many Gir cow farm is generating very good profit through the Milk and Manure.

Manure and urine are also an important By-product of Dairy Farming. it is used to make organic fertilizer and Pesticides. 

The interesting thing is that Brazil has presently more Gir cow than India. Approximately brazil has around 5 million Gir cows. In Brazil or South America, The Gir cow Known from the Name Bos Indicus Breed.

Gir cow Breed Profile

Breed Name Gir
Origin Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, Amreli
Normal Height of Cow 4 to 4.3 ft
Normal Height of Bull 4.3 to 4.6 ft
Udder Size of Cow Large
Coat Color Red, Red with white spot, Brown, Brown with white spot.
Purpose Of Breed Milk Purpose
Size Category Large Size Breed
Weight of Mature Cow (Average) 380 to 400 kg
Weight Of Mature Bull (Average) 540 to 560 kg
Age At First calving 3 to 3.5 years
Average Birth Weight of calve 18 to 20 kg  
Lactation Cycle or Milk cycle 300 Days
Dry Period 60 to 70 Days
Gestation Length 9.5 months
Milk yield Capacity in one lactation 2800 liters
Life span of Gir Cow 20 Years

Characteristics of Gir Cow

The Gir cow is mainly known worldwide for their A2 milk. There is huge demand for semen of Gir Bull in various countries. They also want to produce quality milk.

Gir cow is the good mother and the behavior of the cow is very docile and calm. They are very adorable.

The Gir Bull is Mainly used for draught purpose in the agro-farm or any other heavy works. Because the hight of the bull is good legs are strengthened they can draught as much as weight.

The Gir Cow is the best-suited breed for commercial Dairy farming. This Breed has the ability to adapt in any region of India.

The Gir cow milk made cultured ghee is very costly people Believe that there are medicinal properties in it and the milk of this cattle is quite beneficial for Brain Growth of The children’s.

Gir cow Milk Benefits

Gir cow characteristics

Appearance of Gir Cow

The Appearance of the Gir cow is mesmerizing.  The coat color of this cow is mainly Red, Brown Or Red with white spots in it. There are 3 to 4 varieties of this cow is available. The Black and Brown Gir cow has also been seen.

The Gir cattle has large Round shape forehead and the horns are curved in some cows the horns turned back or in some, it turned upward. The Eyes ball is mainly black in color. The Ear is pendulous leaf-shaped. Big Hump after the neck is main, to recognize of Gir cow.

They have large size well-developed udder. The tail is long up to the knee of adult cow. The dewlap is large in size compared to another breed.

Milk Production of Gir Cow

The milk production of Gir cow is at peak level from 0 to 70 days after giving the birth to a calf. After that, the milk production slightly decreases week to week.

In the first 2 months after giving birth to the calf, the milk production may around 10 to 15 liters.

The normal lactation cycle or milk yield cycle of Gir cow is 300 days and It maybe 325 days. The normal milk Production of Gir cattle in one lactation is 2800 liters. The milk yield totally depends on what type of feed are you providing to your cow. How much Dry matter intake in cow feed.

If you will provide Quality feed than the cow Will Produce Quality Milk.  The average Fat percentage in Gir cow milk is 4.5% which is quite good Milk Purpose Cattle Breed.

The Highest milk Yield of Gir cattle is 3000 liters is noted in one lactation.   

Gir cow lactation cycle

Housing Requirement for the Gir cow

For better milk production and reproduction, Housing plays a very important role for the commercial purpose of Gir Cattle farm. The house should be both shelter and Open paddock. The open paddock is for the exercise of cows. The open Paddock should be double the shelter or House of cows.

  • The house should be well ventilated for the cross air circulation or to remove the gases of rumination and dung.
  • The living pen in the house should be separated for Cows Heifers, bull and Calves.
  • Stay away from overcrowding in the House.
  • The feeding trough and watering trough should be according to height or age of cows.
  • Because 80% of water is present in milk so the availability of water should be always in front of cows every time for large production of milk.
  • Spread the limestone powder every week to kill bacteria in the house.

Space requirement for the Gir Cow

Age Covered Area (m2) Open Area (m2)
Gir Calves below 8 months 1 2
Gir Calves above 8 Months 2 4
Gir Heifers 4 8
Gir Bull Calves 4 8
Lactating cow 12 25
Gir Bull 12 120

Care and Management of Gir Cattle

By the way, there is less mortality and morbidity in the Gir cattle but protection against some major disease is important for commercial Dairy farming. it said that Prior vaccine is better than cure. the minimum age for the vaccination of is 3 months. 

  • Follow the Indian vaccination schedule Protocol
  • Keep the health record of the animal and culled the weak debilitated animal from the house.
  • Internal deworming should be done pre or post-monsoon.
  • The sick animal should be transferred in quarantine house Quickly.
  • The antibiotic medicines and injection should be always available on the farm. The disease like pneumonia and Diarrhea are common and be treated through antibiotics.  
Gir cow  price

Feeding Management

The cow should be fed nutritious feed for better milk production. The feed should be packed with protein, carbohydrates, Vitamins, and Minerals.

The dry matter intake in the feed should be 2 to 2.5 % of the total body weight of the cow. In which concentrate and dry forage should be mixed. The concentrates feed should be one percent of the total body weight of the cow.

Gir cattle information by wiki

Products Made from Gir Cow Milk & Manure.

Products from milk

A2 Ghee

  Products from Cow Manure

Vermicompost fertilizer
Cow dung cake
Cow dung ash
Dhoop batti
Havan Diyas
Bio Gas

Gir cow Price

The Price of Gir cow depends on how much milk they are giving after birth. Higher the milk than the price of the cow will be higher. The Price range starts from 50,000 Rs to 85,000 Rs per cow with their calve. This cow has Lower Price than Buffalo But the rate of milk is higher than Buffalo.

Why you choose Gir cow for your Farm?

  • It is the highly productive breed of India.
  • The behavior and temperament of this cow breed are calm and docile.
  • It maximum returns from their milk and manure.
  • The price of milk is more compared to other breeds. In metros city of India, the Price of Gir cattle milk is 120 to 150 Rs/liter or in two-tier cities the cost of milk is 70 to 80rs per liter.
  • A good revenue can generate from the by-products like Manure and urine from this cow.