Goat Breeds

Goat Breeds

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There are number of Goat breeds available but a breed should be selected according to its purpose or use, on the environmental conditions, and adaptability of the breed.

There is no single goat breed has all the characteristics desired and is productive under all environmental conditions.

Selection of goad breed basically depends on the type of Goat farming you are choosing. if you are planning for milk than definitely, you have to choose a milk goat breed and if you are planning for meat purpose than you have to choose meat goat breed.

The most important part of this business is reproduction. Both the milk and meat depends on the reproduction of goats. The high rate of conception, kidding and weaning are equally important. Females that produce more kids per pregnancy are more productive. Probably the good breeds come from the good and pure quality of male and female.

Meat Goat breeds

Most of the worlds goat population is used for meat production, but in western countries, goats may be used for milk, meat, or fiber production.

Generally, the dwarf goat breeds of Asia and Africa which are short in size are exclusively considered as a meat goat. hence the following meat goat breeds are African Boer, Black Bengal, Nepalese hill, Kalahari red.

Dairy goat Breeds

Dairy goats breeds have been selected primarily for productivity in terms of milk quantity and milk – fat percentage, as well as the efficiency of production and age longevity.

Large body goats breeds are the large milk production goats. The following dairy goat breeds are Jamunapari,  Beetal, Barbari, Sirohi, Toggenberg, Sannen, Alpine.

Fiber goat breeds

Fiber goats breeds generally are smaller in height than dairy goats. Generally, fiber goat breeds are from the mountain and hilly areas. Angora, chegu. Changathangi, Gaddi is the fiber goat breeds.

Goat Breeds in India

Jamunapari

This is the most famous and the largest Indian goat breed.  The breed is also known as the Etawah breed, a name that is derived from the Etawah district of  Uttar Pradesh.

The breed is very tall with long legs, long ears, and a Roman nose. They have short and flat horns. The breed has been exported to as many as eight different countries in the world to improve milk and meat production of local indigenous breeds. these breeds require proper goat housing to live, for better production rate.

The adult male weighs around 50 – 55 kg and females weigh about 36 – 45 kg. The breed can yield up to Kidding is once a year with a low twinning percentage (10%).

Jamunapari Goat complete infformation

jamunapri goat breed. known as queen of goats.
Jamunapari goat breed

                                                       

Barbari

This small breed of goats originated in Uttar Pradesh India. These goats have small ears and flat or round horns and short hair. A white coat with brown spots is common. Adult females are 27 – 36 kg in weight and adult male weight between 35 -45 kg. This breed has been selected for milk production and is very prolific with twins and triplets being common.

Barbari goat complete information

barbari goat breed. kidding capacity is higher than other goats.
Barbari

Black Bengal

Also known as Bengal breed, this dual-purpose breed is used for both meat and milk production in West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa regions of northeastern India. Its skin is used extensively for making high-quality shoes in India. The Bengal is the predominant breed of Bangladesh. Known for its prolificacy and kidding twice a year with 60% twins and 20% triplets, Black Bengal is small in size with adult goats weighing about 13 to 18 kg. The breed has a short coat and ears and is bearded.

Black Bengal Goat complete information

black Bengal goat. it is meat goat breed . its skins has huge demand.
Black Bengal goat breed

Beetal

Although this breed looks larger in size. This breed is widely distributed in both Punjab provinces of India and Pakistan along with surrounding areas in Rawalpindi and Lahore. The coat color usually is black or red. Eyes color is white  The ears are pendulous, and the horns are twisted. The adult male goats weigh about 65 to 70 kg while adult females weigh about 45 kg. Meat production is remarkable, so this breed is classified as a dual – purpose breed.

Beetal goat. known for its large size. one of the biggest goat breed in size.
Beetal goat Breed

Malabari

This dairy breed is found in the southeastern region of Kerala, India, where the climate is hot and humid. Milk yields are about 1 kg per day. They are medium-sized animals with an adult does weighing about 40 kg with quite variable coat colors. Both sexes are horned. This is a prolific breed with a high twinning ability.

malabari goat. it is dairy goat.
Malabar Goat Breed

List of Goat Breed By wikipedia

Sirohi

This breed is originated in Rajasthan India and can survive everywhere in India. the brown coat with dark brown spots is common also in full brown color. The ears are pendulous and horns are straight. The adult male goat weight normally about 50 to 55 kg. this breed is for dual purpose both for meat and milk.

sirohi goat breed. it is dual purpose goat. rear for both milk and meat.
Sirohi goat breed

Read: Goat farming project report of (100+4) goats and profit guide

Osmanabadi

This breed is originated in osmanabad Maharashtra it is for meat purpose breed and the coat is full black generally give twins in each gestation. They have short hair. The adult male goat weight about 45 to 50 kg. normally give two kids in each gestation.

osmanabadi goat. it is meat goat of maharashtra.
osmanabadi goat breed

Chegu

this is breed is originated in Himachal Pradesh this is small breed with a lot of hair on the body mainly use for fiber normally lives in cold climate. His is a dwarf goat. The colour coat of the goad is white. The adult male weight about 25 to 30 kg approx.

chegu breed. mainly known for fibre. gives fibre, which has huge demand.
chegu goat breed

Popular Exotic breeds

African Boer

The Boer breed is an indigenous breed of South Africa kept by southern Bantu tribes of South Africa although some genes are derived from India and Europe.

the name Boer means ‘Farmer’ in Afrikaans. This is a heavy goat breed, the adult male easily takes 90 to 100 kg. The South African Boer goats have a white body with a red head and a blaze. This goat has a huge demand in India.

The Boer goats are distributed widely throughout the world being used to upgrade indigenous goats and improve meat production. they are found in more than 48 countries.

Boer Goat Breed Complete Information

Boer goat. best meat goat breed in the world. known for breed improvement.
African Boer

Alpine

The Alpine breed originated in Switzerland. Alpines are excellent milkers with well – shaped large udders.

These goats were selected for their uniformity, large size, and high milk production. They have a larger size than the other Swiss breeds.

No distinct color pattern has been established; color may range from pure white through shades of fawn, gray, and brown to black.

Alpine goat.simply known for milk goat.
Alpine goat breed

Saanen

This most reputable dairy goat breed queen of the dairy goats is native to the Saanen Valley of Switzerland.

The breed is a heavy milk producer with average butterfat content. It is shorthaired and white or light cream color.

This is one of the most widely distributed dairy goat breeds in the world 68 countries for upgrading local goats to increase milk and meat production.

Sannen Goat Breed Complete Information

saannen goat. good looking, full white. milk breed. highest milk capacity in the world.
sannen goat breed

Toggenburg

The breed originated from Toggenburg valley of northeastern Switzerland. also called ”Alemu”. Toggenburg is one of the oldest Swiss breeds. it is medium in size. The weight of adult male buck is around 80 kg approx and the adult female weight is around 65 kg approx.

it is a dairy breed with short hair and forward erect ears. the breed performs better in a cold environment and gives a great amount of milk as a comparison to others. this breed is exported in at least 42 countries in the world to increase the milking quantity of indigenous breed.

toggenberg dairy goat. it is swiss goat.
Toggenburg goat

Goat breeds worldwide

   Speciality        Breed Country of  origin      Climate     Enviorment
      Meat          
  Barbari india      Tropical Dry
  Banjiao China Subtropical Humid
  Black Bengal India Tropical Dry
  Black Bengal Bangladesh Tropical Dry
  Boer South Africa Subtropical Dry
  Bugri Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Chengdu Ma China Subtropical Humid
  Cutchi India Tropical Dry
  Damani Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Du An China Subtropical Humid
  Fijian Fiji Tropical Humid
  Fuquing China Subtropical Humid
  Ganjam India Tropical Dry
  Guizhou China Subtropical Humid
  Haimen China Subtropical Humid
  Huai China Subtropical Humid
  Kaghani Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Kail Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Katjang Indonesia Tropical Humid
  Kheri Nepal Subtropical Humid
  Katukachchiya Sri Lanka Subtropical Humid
  Lehri Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Leizhou china Subtropical Humid
  Longlin China Subtropical Humid
  Ma ’ tou China Subtropical Humid
  Marwari India Tropical Humid
  Osmanabadi India Tropical Humid
  Patteri Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Sangamaneri India Tropical Dry
  Shanzi White China Subtropical Humid
  Sirohi India Tropical Dry
  Sudan Desert Sudan Tropical Very Dry
  Tapri Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Terai Netpal Subtropical Dry
         
Milk        
  Barbari India Tropical Dry
  Beetal India Tropical Dry
  Black Bedouin Israel and Egypt Tropical Dry
  Damascus Syria and Lebanon subtropical Dry
  Kamori Pakistan Tropical Dry
  Jamunapari India Tropical Dry
  Jakhrana India Tropical Dry
  Malabari India Tropical Humid
         
Prolificacy        
  Barbari India Tropical Dry
  Boer South Africa Subtropical Dry
  Black Bengal India Tropical Dry
  Criollo South America Tropical Dry
  Malabari India Tropical Humid
  West African Dwarf West Africa Tropical Humid
  Ma ’ tou China Subtropical Humid
  Sudan Desert Sudan Tropical Very Dry
         
Pashmina (Cashmere)          
  Gaddi India Mountain Cold
  chegu India  Mountain Cold
  Singhal Nepal Mountain Cold
  Chyangra Nepal Mountain Cold
  Changathangi India Mountain Cold
         
Skins        
  Black Bengal India Tropical Dry
  Maradi (Red Sokoto) Nigeria Tropical Humid
  Mubende Uganda Tropical Humid

5 Powerful Tips for breed selection

  • Meat goat Breed have the highest output as compare to milk goat.
  • choose that goat breed who gives twin kids in each gestation. to earn maximum profit.
  • Usually, the goat breed should be chosen according to the region. for example, the survival chances of eastern region goat is less in the southern region. and mountain goats of the northern region will not survive in the southern or middle region.
  • if you are planning to sale on festivals like Eid, Durga Puja and Christmas than go for big size goats. the big size goats like Jamunapari, beetal, Sirohi, etc. gives maximum profit.
  • in starting the farm don’t go for the exotic breed. start with the indigenous breed.

6 thoughts on “Goat Breeds”

  1. I am looking to buy the Beetal or Osmanabadi goat from India but havent gotten any one to ship to Africa,Nigeria for me.
    Your list is very inclusive and concise .
    Thanks

    Reply
  2. HI, I am Atanu mukherjee. I want to know about business.I would be happy if you can help me how to try goat busineess. my contact no 7001098448. I am a resident of asansol.

    Reply

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