Breed means a group, which defines the physical characteristics or a variety of poultry bird like color, size, and shape, bird comb, feather, shanks, structure, behavior or temperament. The Poultry breeds should be classified according to their purpose or use. the selection of breed is the key part of Poultry farming.
Chickens are available in different color, shape, and size worldwide. More than 300 of the combination of physical characteristics of chickens are available. The chickens are known from the origin, classes, and variety and they Need Comfortable Housing.
Variety is the description of any breed. in which physical features of breed include like beard and muffs, comb type, plumage and its color which is available in all breeds. In some breeds, there are the number of colors available in a single breed like white, buff, partridge or barred but the body and physical feature are same in that type of cases variety known only by color.
Comp type is the key part in the identification of the type of breed generally single, Pea and Rose are the common comb type. Comb exist in almost all the breeds. In some varieties, all things like color, beard, and muffs are the same the only difference is comb type. That time breed is known only by comb.
The class indicates the group of breeds developed in the same region or geographical area. There are four classes
Each breed has its own type shape. Shape and size is another key part for identification of breeds.
A lot of breed present worldwide with different different characteristics,
The poultry breeds are classified
Meat production or broiler breeds
The broiler breeds kept only for the meat purpose. The breeds come under the broiler is not much good in egg production. For meat production generally, see the weight of cock and hen. In these categories, all chickens are very good at weight gain. in meat production, most of the chickens perform very well in backyard poultry. The FCR of all the chickens is better in the backyard.
Their breeds available for broiler farming or meat production are as follows:
white laced red,
|Red jungle |
Egg production or layer breeds
The birds in these categories are very good for the purpose of the egg. Generally, 100 to 120 or more eggs lay in a year. Some of the hens lay 200 to 250 eggs in a year. Each poultry breeds has its own specialty, temperament, and variety.
|Leghorn||Italy||Single comb, |
light black, etc.
|American||Buff, blue wheaten, |
Golden, cream silver
| Black, |
Silver spangled and
|Isa brown||France|| |
|Ancona||United Kingdom||Single comb, |
Black, mottled white
Dual purpose breed for meat and eggs
Generally, all the hens give both meat and egg. But under dual purpose breed hen are very good in egg laying, as well as also good in weight for meat when they are adult.
|American||White, silver penciled, |
Barred, Buff, Partridge,
Single comb, rose comb.
|Wyandotte||American||White, Golden Laced, |
|Sussex||UK|| Red, Speckled, light, etc. |
|Turkey||Buff, red, black,|
Red, light brown
|Marans||France||Black, wheaten, buff,|
Buff, black, white, blue
White, black, etc.
Mottled black &white
|Australorp||Australia||Greenish black. |
Ornamental chicken breeds
Ornamental chicken breeds are those which are used for exhibition, household pets, shows or games. The chickens in this breeds are fancy, beautiful in look or docile or peaceful in nature compared to others. The feather and comb and color are unique. Thes chickens are costly.
Silver and white.
| Ayam Cemani ||Indonesia||Black|
|Japanese Bantam||Japan||Buff Columbian, |
Brown red, blue red,
Blue mottled, etc.
Single comb black,
Rose comb black,
Single comb white,
Rose comb white.
|Faverolle||France|| Black, white, |
Blue cuckoo, etc.
|Sebright||UK||Silver, gold |
|Welsummer||Netherland ||Red partridge|
Black breasted white.
Indian breeds of chicken
|Aseel||India||Black, Red, |
black with white spotted, etc.
Brown, buff, red
|Ankleshwar||India|| Buff, |